Shani Jayanti: Signifance and Rituals Performed - Sandeep Bhargava

Shani Jayanti also called Shani Amavasya or Shanischara Jayanti is a highly auspicious festival for Hindus. As per Hindu mythology, the festival is observed as the birthday of Lord Shani. The festival is noticed with great grandeur on Amavasya Tithi during Jyeshtha month as per the North Indian Purnimant calendar while as per the South Indian Amavasyant calendar, the day falls on Amavasya Tithi during Vaishakha month. Astrologist believes that Lord Shani is the ruler of planet Saturn and has a profound influence on our lives.

The significance of Shani Jayanti:

Shani Jayanti holds important significance in everyone’s life, particularly those whose horoscope is afflicted by planet Saturn. They become the ardent follower of Lord Shani to prevent the malefic impact of the planet Saturn in their horoscope. According to Ancient Vedic texts, planet Saturn holds the power of judgment on an individual’s past deeds. Those who have a favourable position of Saturn in their horoscope touches success in all spheres of life, on the other hand, those who have weak Saturn in their horoscope undergo failures and hardships. Under such circumstances, a Shani Puja or Yantra can be extremely beneficial.

Indian astrology states that the position of Shani in a horoscope is instrumental in a person’s success and welfare. Lord Shani is a symbol of justice and righteousness. Shani being a strict disciplinarian is feared for his severe actions. The prime purpose of the tough task master is to establish a balance between happiness and sorrow and to guide an individual to lead a purposeful life.

Appeasing Lord Shani on this auspicious day is believed to avoid unfavourable events and to usher in good fortune and prosperity in life.

Rituals performed on Shani Jayanti:

  • On the day of Shani Jayanti, devotees wake up before the sunrise and take bath. They perform Shani Vrat on this day to please the lord.
  • Shani Shanti puja can be performed in Navgraha temples or Shani Temples where the idol of the deity is cleaned with Ganga Jal, oil, panchamrit, and water.
  • Post holy bath, the deity is offered a necklace made of 9 precious gems referred as Nauratnahaar. Jaggery, Gram, and bhog with black sesame seeds are offered to the lord Shani.
  • Yagya is performed by devotees to protect themselves from evil powers and black magic. After the puja, they read Shani strotra or Shanti path to delight lord Shani.
  • Chaya daan is an ancient tradition observed during Shani Amavasya where a bowl of mustard oil is placed under the bed at night. In the morning, one should look at his reflection in the oil after which the oil is offered in any Shani temple.
  • Donation of black clothes, black sesame or mustard oil on the day of jayanti is considered extremely favourable in leading a hassle-free life.

The festival is majorly celebrated in Madhya Pradesh. A large number of devotees are spotted thronging at Thirunallar Shani Temple and Kokilavan Dham Shani Dev Temple on this day.